The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 (MGNREGA) was enacted with the objective of enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year, to every household whose adult member volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
The records relating to MGNREGS for the periods 2007-12 were examined in performance audit from March 2012 to June 2012 in the offices of the Principal Secretary, Rural Development, Lucknow, MGNREGS Cell, Lucknow, State Institute of Rural Development and Commissioner, Rural Employment Guarantee, Lucknow. In test check, records of Zila Panchayats of 18 districts, Kshetra Panchayats of 46 Blocks (from within these districts), 460 Gram Panchayats (from within these blocks), 4,453 works in these Gram Panchayats and two line departments in each selected district were scrutinised. Apart from this, 4,600 beneficiaries (ten in each Gram Panchayats) were also interviewed. During the periods covered in audit, a sum of RS 22,174 crore was spent in Uttar Pradesh on the implementation of MGNREGA.
The Government constituted SEGC but non official member from PRIs were nominated with a delay of 19 months and also without prescribing any frequency for the meetings and required quorum. Consequently, SEGC met only once/twice in a year, thereby limiting its roles and responsibility in implementation of MGNREGA. The Government may prescribe a quorum and periodicity for meetings in order to ensure effective roles and responsibility by SEGC.